The cardiac hormone brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure (CHF). Studies have established that BNP mediates natriuresis, renin and aldosterone (RAAS) inhibition, vasodilation and lusitropism. Acute cardiac hormone replacement with intravenous infusion of BNP has been shown to possess potent vasodilating actions in humans with acute decompensated CHF resulting in improvement of clinical symptoms. Natrecor (nesiritide) a sterile, purified preparation of human BNP is approved by the FDA for intravenous administration in the treatment of patients with acute decompensated congestive heart failure. However, chronic cardiac hormone replacement with BNP as therapeutic strategy in CHF has been limited by the need to administer BNP intravenously. The objective of this study is to define the cardiorenal and humoral actions of short term (eight weeks) chronic cardiac hormone replacement with subcutaneous (SQ) BNP in human NYHA class II-III CHF. Systolic and diastolic function, left ventricular remodeling as assessed by its volume, renal function, neurohumoral profiling and exercise capacity will be assessed prior to and after eight weeks of treatment.
1. Age > 18 years
2. Resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 35% or less (determined within 48 months of recruitment by echocardiography, multiple gate acquisition scan (MUGA) or left ventriculogram.)
3. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class I (with previous symptoms of heart failure), Class II and III
4. Female subjects not menopausal or surgically sterilized will need to have a negative pregnancy test the day before the study day and be on contraception.
1. Myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 months of screening.
2. Unstable angina within 14 days of screening, or any evidence of myocardial ischemia.
3. Valvular stenosis, hypertrophic, restrictive or obstructive cardiomyopathy, constrictive pericarditis, primary pulmonary hypertension, or biopsy proven active myocarditis.
4. Sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (V-fib) within 14 days of screening.
5. Second or third degree atrioventricular (AV) block without a permanent cardiac pacemaker.
6. Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within 3 months of screening, or other evidence of significantly compromised central nervous system (CNS) perfusion.
7. Serum creatinine of >3.0 mg/dL.
8. Serum sodium of <125 milliequivalents per decaLiter (mEq/dL) or > 160 mEq/dL.
9. Serum potassium of < 3.5 mEq/dL or > 5.2 mEq/dL.
10. Serum digoxin level of > 2.0 ng/ml.
11. Systolic pressure of <85 mmHg immediately prior to the first injection of study drug/placebo.
12. LVEF > 35% by within 24 months of screening.
13. Unable to self-administer subcutaneous injection twice a day.
14. Diagnosed with AIDS or known positive HIV titer.
15. Other acute or chronic medical conditions or laboratory abnormality, which may increase the risks, associated with study participation or may interfere with interpretation of the data.
16. Received an investigational drug within 1 month prior to dosing.
17. Unable to undergo cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Contraindications to MRI include pacemaker or defibrillator, pregnant women, atrial fibrillation or other arrhythmia, cerebral aneurysm clips, or severe claustrophobia.
18. In the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the study protocol or is unsuitable for any reasons.
19. Patient in atrial fibrillation or who have a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
20. Hemoglobin < 10g/dl.
21. Patients with an allergy to iodine.
Participants in this study will be randomized to receive BNP or placebo (an inactive, saline shot). The participant will need to give themselves a shot in their stomach (similar to diabetics giving themselves insulin) twice a day for eight weeks. The study requires three office visits in the Charlton Building and two inpatient stays, one for 48 hours and one for 24 hours, in the General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) at St. Marys Hospital. Blood sample will be drawn at each visit. Urine samples will be collected for four of the visits. During the two stays in the GCRC a 6-minute walk, an Echo (sound wave test of the heart), a cardiac MRI (heart scan), a kidney function test, and a quality of life questionnaire will be done each time. After enrollment the study lasts for eight weeks.
Last updated: 12/19/2012
NCT ID: NCT00252187