I. To compare the two regimens on the proportion of patients with undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level (< 0.2 ng/mL) at 44 weeks.
I. To assess the proportion of patients with PSA decline >= 85% at 44 weeks on the combination therapy arm compared to that of bicalutamide monotherapy arm.
II. To assess the distribution of best PSA response in each study arm. III. To assess the time to PSA progression in each arm of the study. IV. To assess the time to PSA nadir in each arm of the study. V. To assess the duration of PSA response in each arm of the study. VI. To characterize the PSA slope pre-study, during treatment, and off treatment.
VII. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of MK-2206 (Akt inhibitor MK2206) in this patient population.
VIII. To determine whether Gleason score has any effect on PSA response to treatment.
IX. To determine whether prior hormonal therapy has any effect on PSA response to treatment.
I. Samples of the primary tumor specimen will be retrieved for banking and future analysis of the molecular profile of the primary prostate cancer (PC) tissues with emphasis on the androgen receptor (AR) and protein kinase B (Akt) upstream and downstream signaling pathways.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients undergo observation on weeks 1-12. Patients then receive bicalutamide* orally (PO) once daily (QD) on weeks 13-44. Patients with a PSA decline of >= 50% may continue on bicalutamide until week 72 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive Akt inhibitor MK2206** PO once per week on weeks 1-44 and bicalutamide* PO QD on weeks 13-44. Patients with a PSA decline of >= 50% may continue on MK2206 and bicalutamide until week 72 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
NOTE: *Patients may begin bicalutamide on weeks 4-11 if the disease worsens.
NOTE: **Patients on Akt inhibitor MK2206 with a PSA < 0.2 ng/mL by week 12 do not receive bicalutamide until PSA rises to >= 0.2 ng/mL.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then every year for up to 10 years.
- Patient must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of prostate cancer
- Patient must have had previous treatment with definitive surgery or radiation therapy or cryoablation
- Patient may have prior salvage therapy (surgery, radiation or other local ablative procedures) within 4 weeks prior to randomization if the intent was for cure; prophylactic radiotherapy to prevent gynecomastia within 4 weeks prior to randomization is allowed
- Patient must have no evidence of metastatic disease on physical exam, computed tomography (CT) abdomen/pelvis (or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), chest x-ray (or CT chest) and bone scan within 8 weeks prior to randomization
- Patient may have had prior neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy, vaccines or experimental agents) within 4 weeks prior to randomization, if the PSA rise and PSA doubling time (PSADT) were documented after the testosterone level was > 150 ng/dL
- Patient may not have had therapy modulating testosterone levels (such as luteinizing-hormone, releasing-hormone agonists/antagonists and antiandrogens) within 1 year prior to randomization, unless it was in the neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant setting; agents such as 5 alpha reductase inhibitors, ketoconazole, abiraterone, systemic steroids, or herbal supplements known to decrease PSA levels including any dose of megestrol acetate, finasteride (e.g., Saw Palmetto and PC-SPES, African pygeum extract, lycopene, alanine, glutamic acid and glycine, beta-sitosterol, lycopene, nettle root extract, quercitin, Belizian Man Vine extract, mulra puama extract and epimedium extract campesterol, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, sitostanol and brassicasterol) are not permitted at any time during the period that the PSA values are being collected
- Patient must have hormone-sensitive prostate cancer as evident by a serum total testosterone level > 150 ng/dL within 12 weeks prior to randomization
- Patient must have evidence of biochemical failure after primary therapy and subsequent progression
- Biochemical failure is declared when the PSA reaches a threshold value after primary treatment and it differs for radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy
- For radical prostatectomy the threshold for this study is PSA >= 0.4 ng/mL
- For radiation therapy the threshold is a PSA rise of 2 ng/mL above the nadir PSA achieved post radiation with or without hormone therapy (2006 RTGO-ASTRO Consensus definition)
- PSA progression requires a PSA rise above the threshold (PSA1) measured at any time point since the threshold was reached
- The PSADT must be < 12 months; requires two consecutive PSA rises (PSA2 and PSA3) above the PSA1; PSA2 and PSA3 must be obtained within 6 months of study entry; all baseline PSAs should be obtained, preferably, at the same reference lab
- PSADT calculation needs 3 PSA values:
- PSA1 is any PSA value that is equal or greater than the threshold PSA (0.4 ng/mL for radical prostatectomy or 2 ng/mL above the nadir for primary radiation therapy) indicating biochemical relapse
- PSA2 must be higher than PSA1, obtained at least 2 weeks after PSA1 and within 6 months or less from randomization
- PSA3 must be higher than PSA2 and obtained at least 2 weeks after PSA2
- Baseline PSA must have reached a minimum of 2 ng/mL but be no greater than 50 ng/mL and equal or higher than PSA3; PSA3 may be used as baseline PSA if obtained within 1 week of randomization
- Patient's PSA doubling time (PSADT) must be less than 12 months
- Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
- Granulocytes >= 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
- Serum creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
- Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 times ULN
- Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are excluded from this study
- Patient cannot receive concurrent therapeutic administration of anticoagulant therapy; low dosage aspirin =< 325 mg per day is allowed
- Patients with impaired cardiac function including any one of the following will be excluded from entry on study:
- Baseline Fridericia corrected QT interval (QTc) > 450 msec (male) (Patients with QTc 450-480 msec will be allowed to participate in this trial if they do not have any of the other cardiac conditions mentioned in this section)
- Patients with congenital long QT syndrome
- History of sustained ventricular tachycardia
- Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsades de pointes
- Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing torsades de pointes
- Bradycardia defined as heart rate < 50 beats per minute; patients with a pacemaker and heart rate >= 50 beats per minute are eligible
- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of study entry
- Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV)
- Right bundle branch block and left anterior hemi-block (bifascicular block)
- Patient must not have gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's, ulcerative colitis)
- Patient may not be receiving any other investigational agents or receiving concurrent anticancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery for cancer, or experimental medications) at time of randomization
- Patient may not have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MK-2206 or bicalutamide
- Patient must not have any uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Patients with diabetes or at risk for hyperglycemia MUST not be excluded from trials with MK-2206, but the hyperglycemia should be well controlled before the patient enters the trial
- Patients receiving any medications or substances that are inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP 450) 3A4 are ineligible
- Patient must NOT have previous or concurrent malignancy; exceptions are made for patients who meet any of the following conditions:
- Basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin OR
- Prior malignancy has been adequately treated and patient has been continuously disease free for >= 2 years
- The effect of the study medications on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason, patient must agree to use barrier contraception during and for 3 months after discontinuation of study treatment; if patient impregnates a woman while on treatment or within 3 months of discontinuing treatment, he should inform his treating physician immediately
- Patients must discontinue use of enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAEDs) >= 14 days prior to study enrollment; the investigator may prescribe non-EIAEDs; patients who must begin EIAED therapy while on study will be allowed to remain
- Patients must not be taking cytochrome P450 enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital), St John's Wort, ketoconazole, dexamethasone, the dysrhythmic drugs (terfenadine, quinidine, procainamide, sotalol, probucol, bepridil, indapamide or flecainide), haloperidol, risperidone, rifampin, grapefruit, or grapefruit juice within two weeks of randomization and during the course of therapy
- Patients may have received targeted agents (angiogenesis inhibitors, epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR] inhibitors, mammalian target of rapamycin [mTOR] inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase [PI3K] inhibitors, etc.), however patients must have discontinued treatment with the targeted agent(s) at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment. If the patient stopped targeted agent(s) due to unresolved or persistent grade 3 or 4 toxicity, patient cannot be enrolled onto the study regardless of the length of time since discontinuation of treatment with targeted agent(s)
Last updated: 05/06/2013
NCT ID: NCT01251861