The objective of this study is to compare gastric emptying assessed by the modified 13C spirulina breath test and scintigraphy in 30 subjects, i.e., 15 healthy subjects and 15 with dyspepsia. Gastric emptying will be simultaneously assessed by both methods using a dual-labeled meal. It is anticipated that the gastric emptying half-time (t½) values based on the 13C breath excretion values will compare with the gold standard, scintigraphy, in which the "true" t½ values are obtained. The aims of this study are to estimate factors necessary for converting exhaled 13C concentrations to gastric emptying half-time, as measured by scintigraphy, in healthy subjects and patients with dyspepsia.
For each potential participant, a screening visit will be conducted within 4 weeks prior to the study visit. During the screening visit, informed consent will be obtained, and a physical exam will be conducted by a trained investigator. Participants will then be free to leave the test site. A urine pregnancy test for women of child-bearing potential will be completed within 48 hours prior to exposure to radiation. After an overnight (minimum 8 hour) fast, the participants will return to the study center, at which time the dual-label Gastric Emptying Test will be administered. A baseline breath sample will be collected in duplicate by having the subject blow through a straw into a collection tube. The test meal will be prepared by personnel at the test site after the subject arrives. Step-by-step test meal preparation instructions are provided with the GEBT kit. The patient will consume the test meal containing [13C]-Spirulina and 99mTc sulfur colloid in no more than 10 minutes. Scintigraphic image acquisition will be obtained upon completion of the meal and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, and 240 minute time points. Breath samples will be collected at baseline before the test meal is started and thereafter on the same time schedule as the scintigraphic procedure.
As the cooked egg is triturated by the stomach, it passes through the pylorus into the intestine where the [13C]-Spirulina platensis is digested, absorbed, and metabolized giving rise to labeled carbon dioxide expired in the breath. Breath samples, collected before and after the test meal, are shipped overnight to Advanced Breath Diagnostics for analysis by Gas Isotope Ratio Mass Spectroscopy. By measuring the change in excretion over time, the rate of gastric emptying can be determined.
- Healthy male or non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding female volunteers
- 18-70 years of age
- Able to provide written informed consent before participating in the study
- Able to communicate adequately with the Investigator and to comply with the requirements of for the entire study, i.e., able to eat test meal and provide breath samples.
Additional inclusion criteria for dyspepsia patients:
- One or more of eight postprandial dyspeptic symptoms i.e., fullness, bloating, epigastric discomfort, early satiety, nausea, vomiting, belching, pain for a minimum of 3 months, OR
- Patients fulfilling the ROME-III criteria for functional dyspepsia,
- AND no symptom improvement under a standard dose proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment,
- AND an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy negative for significant pathology that would explain symptoms done within the last 5 years prior to the study.
- Severe nausea or vomiting precluding study assessments
- Use of medications that alter GI motility e.g., narcotics or medications with significant anticholinergic effects within two days of the study
- History of malabsorption due to mucosal disease, pancreatic disease, liver dysfunction, or other causes
- Abdominal surgery other than appendectomy, cholecystectomy, tubal ligation or hysterectomy
- Clinical evidence of significant cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, hematological, neurological, psychiatric, or other disease that may interfere with the objectives of the study
- Patients who are allergic to eggs, wheat, or milk, or unwilling to consume these products
- Patients who have taken any investigational medications within the past 30 days.
Last updated: 02/13/2013
NCT ID: NCT01248221