- To assess the event-free survival and death during the first six weeks in patients with previously untreated, high-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with a combined regimen of tretinoin, arsenic trioxide, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin.
- To estimate the frequency and severity of toxicities of this regimen in this group of patients.
- To investigate the molecular response rate utilizing this regimen in high-risk patients.
- Induction chemotherapy: Patients receive oral tretinoin twice daily beginning on day 1 until CR (up to 90 days), gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 1, and arsenic trioxide IV over 2 hours 5 days a week beginning on day 10 until CR (up to 60 days) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving A1 bone marrow, B1 peripheral blood, and C1 extramedullary disease status proceed to consolidation therapy after maintaining B1 peripheral blood status for ≥ 7 days.
- Consolidation therapy: Beginning between 2-8 weeks after documentation of complete response (CR), patients receive consolidation therapy.
- Consolidation courses 1 and 2: Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 2 hours 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Treatment repeats every 7 weeks for up to 2 courses. Patients remaining in A1 bone marrow, B1 peripheral blood, and C1 extramedullary disease status continue with consolidation courses 3 and 4.
- Consolidation courses 3 and 4: Within 4 weeks of completing consolidation course 2, patients receive oral tretinoin twice daily on days 1-7 and daunomycin IV bolus or over 1 hour on days 1-3. Within 2-8 weeks after recovery to B1 peripheral blood status, patients receive consolidation course 4 as in course 3. Patients who remain in B1 peripheral blood and C1 extramedullary disease status continue on consolidation courses 5 and 6.
- Consolidation courses 5 and 6: Beginning between 2-8 weeks after recovery to B1 peripheral blood status, patients receive gemtuzumab IV over 2 hours on day 1. Between 2-8 weeks after recovery to B1 peripheral blood status, patients receive consolidation course 6 as in course 5. Patients who remain in A1 bone marrow, B1 peripheral blood, and C1 extramedullary disease status proceed to maintenance therapy.
- Maintenance therapy: Beginning 2-8 weeks after recovery of blood counts, patients receive oral tretinoin twice daily on days 1-7 every other week for 1 year, oral mercaptopurine once daily for 1 year, and oral methotrexate once weekly for 1 year.
Patients undergo bone marrow aspirates and biopsies periodically during study. Samples are analyzed for cytogenetics by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and for PML-RARα by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
After completion of study treatment, patients are evaluated at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months.
- Morphologically confirmed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) based on bone marrow examination
- APL-RARα-negative by RT-PCR are not eligible
- High-risk disease, defined as WBC > 100,000/mm^3
- Bone marrow specimens must be made available for cytogenetic studies
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- No prolonged QTc > 0.47 sec
- No other malignancy within the past 5 years, except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or adequately treated stage I or stage II cancer from which the patients is currently in complete remission
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- No prior systemic chemotherapy for acute leukemia
- At least 3 days since prior tretinoin (ATRA) allowed
- Prior hydroxyurea, corticosteroids, or leukapheresis to control high cell counts allowed
Last updated: 01/02/2013
NCT ID: NCT00551460