I. Study the risk of grade 3-4 non-hematologic adverse events in patients with asymptomatic high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma treated with lenalidomide. (Phase II) II. Compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with asymptomatic high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma treated with lenalidomide versus observation alone. (Phase III)
I. Assess the response of patients treated with lenalidomide. (Phase II) II. Determine and compare the response rate, time to progression, 1-year PFS probability, and the overall survival of patients treated with lenalidomide versus observation alone. (Phase III) III. Estimate the incidence of adverse events of these regimens in these patients. (Phase III)
I. Describe the cohort in terms of GEP and cytogenetic risk classification and evaluate baseline immune and MRI parameters. (Phase II) II. Evaluate the impact of therapy within GEP-defined risk groups and GEP as a prognostic marker. (Phase III) III. Study the effects of lenalidomide on laboratory markers of immune function. (Phase III) IV. Study the prognostic value of MRI-detected asymptomatic bone disease on clinical outcome. (Phase III V. Evaluate the prognostic effect of baseline high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities on clinical outcome. (Phase III)
I. To compare QOL change between treatment and observation arms based on the functional (FWB) and physical (PWB) well-being components of the FACT-General (G) patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure from registration (prior to initiation of treatment) up to cycle 24.
II. To examine the impact of differential treatment response (PFS), if observed, on QOL based on the FACT FWB+PWB up to cycle 48.
III. To obtain prospective data on Myeloma specific QOL attributes, utilizing and evaluating the Multiple Myeloma Subscale (MMS).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
PHASE II: Patients receive oral lenalidomide once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PHASE III: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive oral lenalidomide once daily on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive standard of care and undergo observation in the absence of disease progression.
Peripheral blood, bone marrow aspirate, and bone marrow core biopsy samples are collected for gene expression profiling, immune function, and cytogenetic abnormalities. Patients complete the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) Physical Well-Being (PWB), and FACT Functional Well-Being (FWB) questionnaires at baseline and periodically during study.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up periodically for 10 years.
- Diagnosis of smoldering multiple myeloma (MM) meeting the following criteria:
- Asymptomatic high-risk disease
- Bone marrow plasmacytosis with ≥ 10% plasma cells or sheet of plasma cells by bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy
- Abnormal serum free-light chain (FLC) ratio (< 0.125 or > 8.0) by serum FLC assay
- No baseline bone lesions or plasmacytomas
- No monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance
- No immediate need for chemotherapy
- Measurable monoclonal protein in the serum ≥ 1.0 g/dL or urine ≥ 200 mg/24 hrs
- No lytic lesions on skeletal surveys and no hypercalcemia (i.e., ≥ 11 mg/dL)
- ECOG performance status 0-2
- ANC > 1,500/mm³
- Platelet count > 100,000/mm³
- Hemoglobin > 11 g/dL
- Creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min
- Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
- ALT and AST < 2.5 times upper limit of normal
- More than 6 months since active, uncontrolled seizure disorder
- Willing to take some form of anti-coagulation as prophylaxis if there is a history of or concurrent deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use 2 effective methods of contraception for ≥ 28 days before, during, and ≥ 28 days after completion of study therapy
- Prior malignancy allowed provided treatment of curative intent was delivered and disease-free for time period considered appropriate for the specific cancer
- HIV-positive patients allowed provided the following criteria are met:
- CD4 cell count ≥ 350/mm³
- No history of AIDS-related illness
- No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including any of the following:
- Uncontrolled hypertension
- Symptomatic congestive heart failure
- Unstable angina
- Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
- Uncontrolled psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with the study
- Prior Stevens Johnson Syndrome
- No peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2
- No active uncontrolled infection
- No NYHA class III or IV heart failure
- No prior or concurrent systemic therapy or radiotherapy for MM
- No prior or concurrent erythropoietin
- No prior glucocorticosteroid for MM
- Prior systemic glucocorticosteroid for non-malignant disorders allowed (prednisone equivalent ≤ 10 mg/day)
- Prior or concurrent topical or localized glucocorticosteroid to treat non-malignant comorbid disorders allowed
- No concurrent bisphosphonates
- Prior bisphosphonates or once-a-year intravenous bisphosphonate for osteoporosis allowed
- No concurrent zidovudine or stavudine for HIV-positive patients
- No concurrent chemotherapy including cyclophosphamide and stem cell mobilization
Last updated: 05/01/2013
NCT ID: NCT01169337