The primary objective of this pharmacogenomic probe study of acamprosate is to identify genetic variations that predict response. Our hypothesis is that effective acamprosate response in alcohol dependent subjects may be influenced by genetically controlled variation in the functionality of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) and/or the type 5 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR5). Hypothesis confirmation could lead to development of effective individualized treatment recommendations for alcohol dependent patients based on pharmacogenomically relevant genetic variations.
The general goal is to identify genetic polymorphic variants that differentiate subjects continuously abstinent for six months while taking acamprosate from relapsed subjects. The initial analysis will determine whether any of ten polymorphisms in four target genes (GRIN1, GRIN2A and GRIN2B that code for the NMDA receptor and GRM5 that codes for the type mGluR5 receptor) are associated with successful abstinence. Subsequent analyses will examine whether variation in a comprehensive set of 383 linkage disequilibrium haplotype tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms of these four genes predicts successfully abstinent subjects.
1. Male or females, Age 18-80.
2. 2. Primary diagnosis of alcohol dependence based on DSM-IV-TR criteria and determined by the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM) (stable mood and anxiety disorders will not be exclusionary).
3. Prior enrollment in the IRB approved protocol "Developing a DNA Repository for Genomic Studies of Addiction: A Pilot Study".
1. Inability to provide informed consent.
2. Inability to speak English.
3. History of hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to acamprosate.
4. Moderate to severe renal impairment, as determined by a creatinine level > 1.5 mg/dL.
5. Diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, and drug-induced hepatic insufficiency, as noted in the medical record.
6. Women who are pregnant, lactating, or are planning to become pregnant during the next year.
7. Any unstable active medical or additional psychiatric condition as determined by the investigator.
9. Active suicidal ideation as determined by responses provided during PRISM or as determined by the investigator.
Last updated: 03/20/2013
NCT ID: NCT00662571