I. To assess the effect of gemcitabine hydrochloride and tanespimycin (17-AAG) on 6-month survival rate in patients with stage IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
I. To determine the overall survival of these patients. II. To determine the time to disease progression (TTP) in these patients. III. To determine the confirmed response rate and duration of response in these patients.
IV. To determine the time to treatment failure in these patients. V. To determine the adverse events in these patients.
I. To determine the effects of treatment on molecular targets, such as CDK4, akt, phospho-akt, Hsp90, Hsp70, and CHK1, and correlate these with clinical endpoints, including survival at 6 months, TTP, response rate, and overall survival.
II. To determine the effect of gemcitabine hydrochloride metabolizing enzyme genotype on toxicity, and clinical outcome.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG performance status (0, 1, or 2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and tanespimycin IV over 1 hour on day 9 of course one.
ARM II: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and tanespimycin IV over 1 hour on days 2 and 9 of course one.
ARM III: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on day 8 and tanespimycin IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 9 of course one. Beginning with course two (and for all subsequent courses), all patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and tanespimycin IV over 1 hour on days 2 and 9.
Treatment repeats every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Blood samples are collected at baseline and periodically during treatment for pharmacogenetic studies. Tumor tissue samples that are available are also collected for laboratory studies. Samples are analyzed for number of circulating tumor cells, levels of intracellular targets (e.g., CDK4, akt, phospho-akt, Hsp90, Hsp70, and CHK1), single nucleotide DNA polymorphisms, and Vav1 expression. Samples are analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 2 years.
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma
- Clinical stage IV disease
- No known brain metastases
- ECOG performance status 0-2
- Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
- ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
- Total bilirubin normal
- AST ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver metastases are present)
- Creatinine normal
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- Ejection fraction > 40% by echocardiogram
- Patients who received prior anthracyclines must have a normal ejection fraction by echocardiogram
- QTc < 500 msec
- Pulse oximetry > 88% on room air at rest and after gentle exercise (according to Group 1Medicare Guidelines)
- No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to tanespimycin (17-AAG) or gemcitabine hydrochloride
- No known allergy to eggs
- No concurrent uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:
- Ongoing or active infection
- Symptomatic congestive heart failure
- Unstable angina pectoris
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- No active ischemic heart disease within the past 12 months
- No history of uncontrolled dysrhythmias
- No congenital long QT syndrome
- No left bundle branch block
- No other significant cardiac disease, including any of the following:
- New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure
- Myocardial infarction within the past year
- Poorly controlled angina
- Uncontrolled dysrhythmias
- History of serious ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation ≥ 3 beats in a row)
- No clinically significant interstitial lung disease
- No symptomatic pulmonary disease requiring medication, including any of the following:
- Dyspnea on exertion
- Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
- Significant pulmonary disease requiring oxygen*, including chronic obstructive/restrictive pulmonary disease
- No pulmonary or cardiac symptoms ≥ grade 2
- No history of cardiac or pulmonary toxicity after receiving anthracyclines (e.g., doxorubicin hydrochloride, daunorubicin hydrochloride, mitoxantrone hydrochloride, bleomycin, or vincristine)
- No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
- No prior radiotherapy to the chest
- No prior radiotherapy that potentially included the heart in the field (e.g.,mantle radiotherapy)
- More than 3 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy or chemotherapy for locally advanced disease
- More than 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy
- No concurrent medications that prolong or may prolong QTc
- No concurrent antiarrhythmic drugs
- No concurrent prophylactic colony-stimulating factors
- No other concurrent investigational agents
- No other concurrent anticancer therapy
Last updated: 01/30/2013
NCT ID: NCT00577889