Microscopic colitis is an increasingly diagnosed cause of chronic diarrhea, with two main subtypes: collagenous and lymphocytic colitis. Uncontrolled reports have suggested that various drugs can be beneficial in treating microscopic colitis, but few treatments have been evaluated in randomized controlled trials. Thus, treatment is guided mostly by anecdotal reports, case series, and physicians' experience. In our uncontrolled experience, corticosteroids are one of the most effective therapies for microscopic colitis, but are not typically used as a first line therapy because of toxicity. Budesonide has been reported to be of clinical benefit in small, uncontrolled series of patients with microscopic colitis, and recent controlled trials showed that it is superior to placebo in collagenous colitis. We propose a study of budesonide in patients with the lymphocytic type of microscopic colitis.
Patients will have stool specimen and blood drawn at the start of the study. Patient will take either Budesonide or placebo for 8 weeks. At the end of treatment, patient will have stool collection and sigmoidoscopy.
- Diarrhea, defined as greater than 4 bowel movements per day and greater than "mild"; currently on no treatment or active despite treatment.
- Lymphocytic colitis confirmed histologically within one year of enrollment
- Previous unsuccessful treatment with corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs
- History of severe corticosteroid side effects
- Corticosteroid, ticlopidine, or flutamide use within the previous 4 weeks
- Antibiotic, mesalamine or bismuth subsalicylate use within two weeks
- Current use of anticholinergics, cholestyramine, narcotics, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, erythromycin, or grapefruit juice
- Known active medical conditions, including cancer, infection, uncontrolled hypertension or diabetes, osteoporosis, peptic ulcer disease, glaucoma, cataracts, liver cirrhosis or history of tuberculosis
- Other diarrheal conditions (sprue, infection, hyperthyroidism, lactose intolerance)
- Pregnant or nursing females
- Patients without a telephone or unable to communicate in English over the telephone, or unable or unwilling to give consent
- Known hypersensitivity to or intolerance of budesonide.
The subject would need to seen one day at the start of the study and one day at the end of the 8 weeks.
The study will last 8 weeks.
Last updated: 03/16/2012