The sensitivity of conventional mammography for evaluation of extent of disease, detection of multifocal breast cancers and contralateral breast cancers is poor. Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) is a new nuclear medicine technique that permits the breast to be imaged in a manner similar to mammography, utilizing a Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) gamma camera. We have developed the first dual-head MBI system in the world and preliminary results from this system indicate a high sensitivity (~90%) for the detection of breast cancers < 10mm.
The AIM of this study is to determine the sensitivity of MBI relative to mammography in the preoperative evaluation of the extent of disease in the ipsilateral and contralateral breasts in women with biopsy-proven breast cancer. We will test the HYPOTHESIS that MBI is more sensitive than mammography for preoperative evaluation and surgical planning.
The study will comprise 120 women with biopsy-proven breast cancer prior to surgery. All patients will have a diagnostic mammogram and an MBI study prior to operation. At the time of operation the pathologic findings will be correlated with both the mammogram and the MBI results.
This study will demonstrate the use of MBI in three aspects of breast cancer diagnosis: 1) detection of multifocal / multicentric disease elsewhere in the ipsilateral breast, 2) detection of contralateral breast cancer, and 3) correlation of index tumor size on MBI with pathologic size. These results may justify a role for MBI in the routine pre-operative evaluation of breast cancer patients.
- Women with biopsy-proven breast cancer (invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ)
- Unable to understand and sign the consent form
- Pregnant or lactating
- Physically unable to sit upright and still for 40 minutes
- Currently receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy or hormonal therapy
- Currently taking tamoxifen, evista (raloxifene), or an aromatase inhibitor
- Previous mastectomy
- Previous excisional biopsy of the index breast cancer
Last updated: 01/23/2012