A common approach to increasing long-term adherence and control of chronic medical problems such as hypertension in both general and preventive medicine is the concept of step care. Despite a high degree of interest in applying the step care model to smoking cessation (Abrams et al., 1996; Hughes, 1994), little empirical work has been conducted utilizing this treatment approach. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy of a step care model for smoking cessation that is disseminable in primary care settings. With that introduction, we propose the following specific aims:
Aim 1: To enroll approximately 400 adult cigarette smokers recruited mainly from primary care settings;
Aim 2: To randomize these participants to: 1) State of the Art Smoking Cessation + Recycling or 2) State of the Art Smoking Cessation + Step Care; and
Aim 3: To evaluate the long-term (24 months post-randomization) relative success of the interventions. It is predicted that long-term cessation rates will be significantly higher in the step care condition.
Cigarette smokers who are 18 years of age or older, who self-report smoking at least 10 cigarettes each day, and who are willing to accept random assignment are eligible to participate. Potential participants must agree to commit to the study for at least 24 months, be screened and agree to potentially participate in more intensive interventions to help them stop smoking, and agree to not seek other treatment for smoking cessation during the treatment phase of the study.
You are being asked to take part in this research study because you intend to stop smoking tobacco cigarettes. You will be put in one of two groups by chance (as in the flip of a coin). The two treatment groups are:
Participants will be enrolled in this research study for up to two years.
Last updated: 06/29/2011