OBJECTIVES: - To provide a risk-based classification system based on clinical, pathological, molecular, and early response data that will be used to assign all patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to the Children's Oncology Group (COG) frontline specific-treatment studies. - To capture classification data for correlative studies accompanying current COG ALL treatment protocols. - To provide a central reference guide for all required and research studies that will be conducted in local and reference laboratories for all newly diagnosed ALL patients. - To provide a mechanism for optional banking of leukemia and germline specimens for current and future research. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to diagnosis (B-cell precursor vs infant vs T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]). Patients undergo blood sample collection and bone marrow biopsies at baseline and during and after induction therapy for immunophenotyping for ALL confirmation and classification, DNA ploidy, genomic variation, and cytogenetic (BCR-ABL, trisomies 4+10, and molecular testing for translocations) analysis by flow cytometry and FISH. Immunophenotype results obtained on this study are used to determine patient's assignment to specific clinical-trial treatments. Some samples (leukemic and germline) may be banked for current and/or future analyses.
Last updated: 11/22/2012