OBJECTIVES: Primary - Compare local tumor control in women with ductal carcinoma in situ or stage I or II breast cancer treated with adjuvant whole breast vs partial breast irradiation following lumpectomy. Secondary - Compare overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and distant disease-free survival in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare the cosmetic result in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare fatigue and treatment-related symptoms in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare perceived convenience of care in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare acute and late toxic effects of these regimens in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS] only vs invasive and node negative vs invasive with 1-3 positive nodes), menopausal status (premenopausal vs postmenopausal), hormone receptor status (estrogen receptor [ER]-positive and/or progesterone receptor [PR]-positive vs ER-negative and PR-negative), intention to receive chemotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. (Patients who are 50 years of age and over with DCIS regardless of hormone receptor status AND patients with invasive breast cancer meeting all of the following criteria: ≥ 50 years of age, node-negative, and hormone-receptor positive status will not be enrolled in study after 12/30/2006.) - Arm I: Patients undergo whole-breast irradiation (WBI) once daily, 5 days a week, for 5-7 weeks. - Arm II: Patients undergo partial-breast irradiation (PBI) twice daily on 5 days over a period of 5-10 days. This may be delivered by intracavitary brachytherapy or 3-D conformal radiotherapy. Patients in both arms may receive adjuvant chemotherapy at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of WBI OR at least 2 weeks after completion of PBI at the discretion of the treating physician. Patients with ER-positive or PR-positive tumors may also receive hormonal therapy, beginning 3-12 weeks after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy (or before, during, or after completion of WBI or PBI for patients not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy) and continuing for at least 5 years. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 1 and 6 months, every 6 months for 4.5 years, and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 4,300 patients (2,150 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 4.6 years.
Last updated: 10/07/2012